Image is an infographic:
Gender Binary: The categorization of gender into two distinct, opposite sexes.
Trans*/Transgender: An umbrella term applied to those whose gender identity is not the same as the sex they were assigned at birth.
Cisgender: Someone who is not transgender
Genderqueer: a term applied to individuals who do not identify within the gender binary.
Transition: the process of changing one’s gender expression to match their gender identity.
From Trans Student Equality Resources.